Educational Opportunities and the Role of Institutions


Ammermüller, Andreas


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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1118
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-11182
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2005
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: I21 J62 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Bildung , Pisa <Test> , Bildungseinrichtung , Humankapital
Abstract: Educational opportunities determine the intergenerational mobility of human capital and are affected by institutional features of schooling systems. The aim of this paper is twofold. It intends to show how strongly student performance depends on student background at two important stages in a student's life as well as to explain cross-country differences in educational opportunities by schooling institutions. A difference-in-differences estimation approach is applied to control for country-specific effects. The results imply that educational opportunities decrease with student age in most countries. However, the attitude of parents seems to become more important while the impact of social origin decreases. A greater differentiation of the schooling system as indicated by streaming and private schools is associated with a greater effect of social background while more instruction time limits the impact of social origin on student performance. Higher school autonomy increases the impact of parental influence.
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Ammermüller, Andreas (2005) Educational Opportunities and the Role of Institutions. Open Access [Working paper]
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