Reforming Social Welfare in Germany - An Applied Gerneral Equilibrium Analysis

Boeters, Stefan ; Gürtzgen, Nicole ; Schnabel, Reinhold

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-1349
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2003
The title of a journal, publication series: None
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: J22 D58 J51 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Deutschland , Soziale Wohlfahrt , Reform
Abstract: This paper analyses the effects of a social assistance reform in Germany. In contrast to studies which are based on microsimulation methods we use a computable general equilibrium model which incorporates a discrete choice model of labour supply to simulate a variety of reform scenarios. The main contribution is that we are able to identify general equilibrium effects of a reform on wages and unemployment. The simulation results show that general equilibrium wage reactions tend to mitigate labour supply effects. Moreover, the simulations indicate that substantial employment effects are to be expected only from major cuts in welfare payments.
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