Distributional Effects of the High School Degree in Germany

Gernandt, Johannes ; Maier, Michael ; Pfeiffer, Friedhelm ; Rat-Wirtzler, Julie

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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1474
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-14740
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2006
The title of a journal, publication series: None
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 370 Education
Classification: JEL: C14 C21 J31 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Hochschulbildung , Lohnentwicklung , Evaluation , Deutschland
Keywords (English): Economic returns to secondary education , econometric evaluation , quantile , treatment effects , educational expansion
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of a high school degree on the wage distribution in the period from 1984 to 2004 in Germany. In that period the share of male workers with a high school degree increased from 16 to 25 percent. An econometric evaluation estimator is used to analyze quantile treatment effects for the whole population of male workers and for the subpopulation of workers with a high school degree. It turns out that the impact of a high school degree on the wage distribution for all workers is positive, whereas its impact on the wage distribution of the workers with a high school degree does statistically not differ from zero. This suggests that the selection of students into grammer schools might have been too restrictive. For more workers higher education would have raised their productivity and wages.
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