Exports and Productivity – Comparable Evidence for 14 Countries


Wagner, Joachim


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Corporate creators: International Study Group on Exports and Productivity
URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1789
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-17899
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2007
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: F14 D21 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Export , Produktivität , Personenbezogene Daten , Internationaler Vergleich
Keywords (English): Exports , productivity , micro data , international comparison
Abstract: We use comparable micro level panel data for 14 countries and a set of identically specified empirical models to investigate the relationship between exports and productivity. Our overall results are in line with the big picture that is by now familiar from the literature: Exporters are more productive than non-exporters when observed and unobserved heterogeneity are controlled for, and these exporter productivity premia tend to increase with the share of exports in total sales; there is strong evidence in favour of self-selection of more productive firms into export markets, but nearly no evidence in favour of the learning-by-exporting hypothesis. We document that the exporter premia differ considerably across countries in identically specified empirical models. In a meta-analysis of our results we find that countries that are more open and have more effective government report higher productivity premia. However, the level of development per se does not appear to be an explanation for the observed cross-country differences.
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Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Wagner, Joachim International Study Group on Exports and Productivity (2007) Exports and Productivity – Comparable Evidence for 14 Countries. Open Access [Working paper]
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