Formal and strategic appropriability strategies of multinational firms : a cross country comparison


Faria, Pedro ; Sofka, Wolfgang


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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/2008
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-20086
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2008
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: D83 O32 O31 F23 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Innovationsmanagement , Multinationales Unternehmen , Geschäftsgeheimnis , Geistiges Eigentum , Technologietransfer
Keywords (English): Appropriability , Multinational Companies , Patenting
Abstract: International knowledge spillovers, especially through multinational companies (MNCs), have recently been a major topic of discussion among academics and practitioners. Most research in this field focuses on knowledge sharing activities of MNC subsidiaries. Relatively little is known about their capabilities for protecting valuable knowledge from spilling over to host country competitors. We extend this stream of research by investigating MNC appropriability strategies that go beyond formal methods (patents, copyrights, trademarks) to include strategic ones (secrecy, lead time, complex design). We conceptualize the breadth and depth of a firm’s knowledge protection strategies and relate them to the particular situation of MNC subsidiaries. Moreover, we argue that their approaches differ with regard to host country challenges and opportunities. We address these issues empirically, based on a harmonized survey of innovation activities of more than 1,800 firms located in Portugal and Germany. We find that MNCs prefer broader sets of appropriability strategies in host countries with fewer opportunities for knowledge sourcing. However, munificent host country environments require targeted sets of appropriability strategies instead. We deduce that these results are due to a need for reciprocity to benefit fully from promising host country knowledge flows.
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Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Faria, Pedro ; Sofka, Wolfgang (2008) Formal and strategic appropriability strategies of multinational firms : a cross country comparison. Open Access [Working paper]
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