The dark and the bright sides of proactive work behaviour and situational constraints : longitudinal relationships with task conflicts

Spychala, Anne ; Sonnentag, Sabine

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-292854
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2011
The title of a journal, publication series: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume: 20
Issue number: 5
Page range: 654-680
Place of publication: Hove
Publishing house: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN: 1359-432X , 1464-0643
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Arbeits- u. Organisationspsychologie (Sonnentag 2010-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): Hindrance stressors; prevention-oriented initiative; Proactive behaviour; Promotion-oriented initiative; situational constraints; Task conflicts
Abstract: We investigated relationships of a job stressor (situational constraints) and specific proactive behaviours with change in task conflicts over time. We introduced two distinct types of proactive work behaviour (promotion- oriented initiative and prevention-oriented initiative) and examined their positive but also negative relationships with change in task conflicts. Study 1 supported the construct validity of promotion-oriented initiative and prevention-oriented initiative for 363 student assistants: Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that both types of proactive behaviour were distinct constructs and also distinct from active coping; patterns of correlations were similar to those of a prior concept of proactive behaviour. Study 2 was a longitudinal online survey with 197 employees over 3 weeks. Consistent with our hypotheses, situational constraints and promotion-oriented initiative predicted an increase in task conflicts, whereas prevention-oriented initiative predicted a decrease in task conflicts.

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