Compulsory Schooling Reforms, Education and Mortality in Twentieth Century Europe


Gathmann, Christina ; Jürges, Hendrik ; Reinhold, Steffen


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/30386
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-303869
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper Series
Volume: 12-04
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, Empirische Ökonomik (Juniorprofessur) (Reinhold 2011-12)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Classification: JEL: I12 , I21 , I28,
Subject headings (SWD): Europa , Schulpflicht , Bildung , Sterbeziffer , Frau
Keywords (English): Compulsory schooling , education , mortality , Europe
Abstract: Education yields substantial non-monetary benefits, but the size of these gains is still debated. Previous studies, for example, report contradictory effects of education and compulsory schooling on mortality – ranging from zero to large mortality reductions. Using data from 19 compulsory schooling reforms implemented in Europe during the twentieth century, we quantify the mean mortality effect and explore its dispersion across gender, time and countries. We find that men benefit from compulsory education both in the shorter and longer run. In contrast, compulsory schooling reforms have little or no effect on mortality for women.

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Gathmann, Christina ; Jürges, Hendrik ; Reinhold, Steffen (2012) Compulsory Schooling Reforms, Education and Mortality in Twentieth Century Europe. Open Access Working Paper Series Mannheim 12-04 [Working paper]
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