Orphans at risk in Sub-Saharan Africa : evidence on educational and health outcomes


Coneus, Katja ; Mühlenweg, Andrea M.


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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/3134
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-31340
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2011
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Classification: JEL: I12 I21 J24 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Subsaharisches Afrika , Waisenkind , Schulbildung , Körperliche Entwicklung , Humankapital
Keywords (English): orphans, family structure, human capital, sub-Saharan Africa, fixed-effects
Abstract: In this paper, we examine how orphanhood affects children’s educational and health outcomes in eleven sub-Saharan African countries. Our analysis is based on a comparison of orphans and non-orphaned children living under the same conditions. We also examine the impacts of various family structures and compare social orphans (non-orphaned children not living with a biological parent) to orphans. Using household fixed-effects estimation, we provide evidence that children not living with a biological parent lag behind in education and are more often malnourished and stunted. Educational gaps are particularly evident among orphans and social orphans not living with a mother. The effect of paternal death or absence is rather modest in most countries.
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Coneus, Katja ; Mühlenweg, Andrea M. (2011) Orphans at risk in Sub-Saharan Africa : evidence on educational and health outcomes. Open Access [Working paper]
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