Environmental innovation and employment dynamics in different technology fields : an analysis based on the German community innovation survey 2009


Horbach, Jens ; Rennings, Klaus


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/31383
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-313838
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 12-006
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: Q52 , Q55 , J49 , C25,
Subject headings (SWD): Deutschland , Umwelttechnik , Innovation , Technologiewahl , Beschäftigungseffekt , Unternehmen , Schätzung
Keywords (English): Employment , environmental innovation , innovation behaviour
Abstract: The employment effects of environmental technologies are in the focus of politicians but there are only few studies analyzing these effects for different environmental innovation fields. We use the 2009 wave of the German part of the Community Innovation Panel (CIS) allowing for such an analysis at the firm level. The main focus of the paper lies on the analysis of the adaptation behavior of firms with respect to the relationship of employment and (environmental) innovation. We use an endogenous switching regression approach to take the simultaneous character of innovation activities and employment demand into consideration. Our econometric analysis shows that innovative firms in general are characterized by a significantly more dynamic employment development. Especially the realization of environmental process innovations leads to a higher employment within the firm. The theoretical background of this finding is that process innovation induced cost savings improve the competitiveness of firms. This has a positive effect on demand and thus also increases employment. A more detailed analysis by different environmental innovation fields shows that material and energy savings are positively correlated to employment because they especially help to increase the profitability and competitiveness of the firm. On the other side, air and water process innovations that are still dominated by end-of-pipe technologies have a negative impact on the employment development.

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Horbach, Jens ; Rennings, Klaus (2012) Environmental innovation and employment dynamics in different technology fields : an analysis based on the German community innovation survey 2009. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 12-006 [Working paper]
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