Causal effects on employment after first birth : a dynamic treatment approach


Fitzenberger, Bernd ; Sommerfeld, Katrin ; Steffes, Susanne


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/35292
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-352925
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2013
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 13-107
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: C14 , J13 , J22,
Keywords (English): Female labor supply , maternity leave , dynamic treatment effect , inverse , probability weighting
Abstract: The effects of childbirth on future labor market outcomes are a key issue for policy discussion. This paper implements a dynamic treatment approach to estimate the effect of having the first child now versus later on future employment for the case of Germany, a country with a long maternity leave coverage. Effect heterogeneity is assessed by estimating ex post outcome regressions. Based on SOEP data, we provide estimates at a monthly frequency. The results show that there are very strong negative employment effects after childbirth. Although the employment loss is reduced over the first five years following childbirth, it does not level off to zero. The employment loss is lower for mothers with a university degree. It is especially high for medium-skilled mothers with long prebirth employment experience. We find a significant reduction in the employment loss for more recent childbirths.

Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Fitzenberger, Bernd ; Sommerfeld, Katrin ; Steffes, Susanne (2013) Causal effects on employment after first birth : a dynamic treatment approach. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 13-107 [Working paper]
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