ICT and the demand for energy : evidence from OECD countries


Rexhäuser, Sascha ; Schulte, Patrick ; Welsch, Heinz


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/35390
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-353900
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2013
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 13-116
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: O33 , O44 , Q41 , Q43,
Keywords (English): Technical change , ICT , energy demand , energy efficiency , energy mix , Green IT , cross-country cross-industry data , environmental policy
Abstract: This paper analyzes the relationship between information and communication technology (ICT) and energy demand. We construct a comprehensive cross-country cross-industry panel data set covering 13 years, 10 OECD countries, and 27 industries. Using up to 2889 country-industry observations, we find that: (1) ICT capital is associated with a significant reduction in energy demand. (2) This relationship differs with regard to different types of energy. ICT use is not significantly correlated with electricity demand, but is significantly related to a reduction in non-electric energy demand. That is, ICT use comes with a reduction in total energy demand and an increase in the relative demand for electric over non-electric energy.

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Rexhäuser, Sascha ; Schulte, Patrick ; Welsch, Heinz (2013) ICT and the demand for energy : evidence from OECD countries. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 13-116 [Working paper]
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