Price level changes and the redistribution of nominal wealth across the Euro area


Adam, Klaus ; Zhu, Junyi


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/36175
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-361758
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2014
The title of a journal, publication series: Working Paper Series
Volume: 14-11
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, Internat. Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (Adam)
MADOC publication series: Department of Economics > Working Paper Series
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: E31 , D31 , D14,
Keywords (English): inflation , redistribution , Euro Area , household survey
Abstract: We document the presence of sizable distributional effects from unexpected price level movements in the Euro Area (EA) using sectoral accounts and newly available data from the Household Finance and Consumption Survey. The EA as a whole is a net winner of unexpected price level increases, with Italy, Greece, Portugal and Spain being the biggest beneficiaries, and Belgium and Malta being the largest losers. Governments are net winners of inflation, while the household (HH) sector is a net loser in the EA as a whole. HHs in Belgium, Ireland, Malta and Germany incur the biggest per capita losses, while HHs in Finland and Spain turn out to be net winners of inflation. Considerable heterogeneity exists also within the HH sector: relatively young middle class HHs are net winners of inflation, while older and richer HHs are losers. As a result, wealth inequality in the EA decreases with unexpected inflation, although in some countries (Austria, Germany and Malta) inequality increases due to presence of relatively few young borrowing HHs. We document that HHs inflation exposure varies systematically across countries, with HHs in high inflation EA countries holding systematically lower nominal exposures.

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Adam, Klaus ; Zhu, Junyi (2014) Price level changes and the redistribution of nominal wealth across the Euro area. Open Access Working Paper Series Mannheim 14-11 [Working paper]
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