Cross-cultural variations in Big Five relationships with religiosity: A sociocultural motives perspective


Gebauer, Jochen E. ; Bleidorn, Wiebke ; Gosling, Samuel D. ; Rentfrow, Peter J. ; Lamb, Michael E. ; Potter, Jeff


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037683
URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/24700...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265256987...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2014
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume: 107
Issue number: 6
Page range: 1064-1091
Place of publication: Washington, DC
Publishing house: American Psychological Assoc.
ISSN: 0022-3514 , 1939-1315
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department A
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: A sociocultural motives perspective (SMP) on Big Five relationships is introduced. According to the SMP, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness elicit assimilation to sociocultural norms, Openness elicits contrast from these norms, and Extraversion and Neuroticism are independent of sociocultural assimilation and contrast. Due to sociocultural assimilation, then, relationships of Agreeableness and Conscientiousness with an outcome wax (become more positive or less negative) with that outcome’s increasing sociocultural normativeness. Due to sociocultural contrast, relationships of Openness with an outcome wane (become less positive or more negative) with that outcome’s increasing sociocultural normativeness. We tested the SMP using religiosity as our outcome. Study 1 included 4 cross-sectional self-report data sets across 66 countries (N = 1,129,334), 50 U.S. states (N = 1,057,342), 15 German federal states (N = 20,885), and 121 British urban areas (N = 386,315). Study 2 utilized informant-report data across 37 countries (N = 544,512). Study 3 used longitudinal data across 15 German federal states (N = 14,858). Results consistently supported the SMP. Relationships of Agreeableness and Conscientiousness with religiosity were more positive in religious sociocultural contexts than in secular contexts. Relationships of Openness with religiosity were more negative in religious sociocultural contexts than in secular contexts. At a more general level, the SMP offers theory-driven explanations for cross-cultural variations in Big Five relationships with their outcomes.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.




+ Citation Example and Export

Gebauer, Jochen E. ; Bleidorn, Wiebke ; Gosling, Samuel D. ; Rentfrow, Peter J. ; Lamb, Michael E. ; Potter, Jeff (2014) Cross-cultural variations in Big Five relationships with religiosity: A sociocultural motives perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Washington, DC 107 6 1064-1091 [Article]


+ Search Authors in

+ Page Views

Hits per month over past year

Detailed information



You have found an error? Please let us know about your desired correction here: E-Mail


Actions (login required)

Show item Show item