China's R&D explosion - analyzing productivity effects across ownership types and over time


Boeing, Philipp ; Müller, Elisabeth ; Sandner, Philipp


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/38749
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-387494
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2015
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 15-006
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: O32 , O33,
Keywords (English): Productivity , R&D , China , ownership type , patents
Abstract: In the past years Chinese firms increased their spending on R&D substantially and worked on achieving a higher quality level of R&D. We analyze whether different R&D activities show a positive influence on total factor productivity (TFP) for firms of different ownership types and across two time periods. Our panel dataset with annual information allows us to study listed firms over the two time periods 2001-2006 and 2007-2011. Privately owned enterprises (POEs) not only obtain higher returns from own R&D than majority and minority state-owned enterprises (SOEs), they are also able to increase their leading position. Overall strong increases in the size of patent stocks are related to a decreasingly positive or even vanishing influence on TFP. POEs not only produce R&D of the highest quality but are also the only ownership type profiting from higher quality. Up to now research collaborations allow almost no benefit with the only exception stemming from domestic collaborations with individuals. Our comprehensive analysis depicts strengths but also weaknesses of the corporate sector in China. We derive implications for the further development of economic policies.

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Boeing, Philipp ; Müller, Elisabeth ; Sandner, Philipp (2015) China's R&D explosion - analyzing productivity effects across ownership types and over time. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 15-006 [Working paper]
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