European Parliament elections of May 2014 : driven by national politics or EU policy making?

Schmitt, Hermann ; Toygür, Ilke

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-417480
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2016
The title of a journal, publication series: Politics and Governance
Volume: 4
Issue number: 1
Page range: 167-181
Place of publication: Lisbon
Publishing house: Cogitatio Press
ISSN: 2183-2463
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department B
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Subject: 320 Political science
Abstract: The 2014 European Parliament (EP) elections took place in a very particular environment. Economic crisis, bailout pack-ages, and austerity measures were central on the agenda in many Southern countries while open borders and intra-EU migration gained high salience elsewhere in the Union. A strong decline of political trust in European and national insti-tutions was alarming. At the same time, the nomination and campaigning of “Spitzenkandidaten”, lead candidates of EP political groups for European Commission (EC) presidency, was meant to establish a new linkage between European Parliament elections and the (s)election of the president of the Commission. All of this might have changed the very na-ture of EP elections as second-order national elections. In this paper, we try to shed light on this by analysing aggregate election results, both at the country-level and at the party-level and compare them with the results of the preceding first-order national election in each EU member country. Our results suggest that the ongoing politicisation of EU poli-tics had little impact on the second-order nature of European Parliament elections.

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