Why are conservatives happier than liberals? Comparing different explanations based on system justification, multiple group membership, and positive adjustment

Butz, Sebastian ; Kieslich, Pascal J. ; Bless, Herbert

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2283
URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318186662...
Additional URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.22...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume: 47
Issue number: 3
Page range: 362-372
Place of publication: Malden, MA
Publishing house: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0046-2772 , 1099-0992
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department A
School of Social Sciences > Mikrosoziologie u. Sozialpsychologie (Bless 1999-)
Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences- CDSS (Social Sciences)
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: This study examined the relation between conservatism and life satisfaction. Analyses based on data from a representative German survey (ALLBUS 2010) revealed a positive relation between conservatism and self-reported life satisfaction, thus supporting prior claims of this link. Different accounts have been proposed for this relationship, suggesting system justification, positive adjustment, or multiple group membership as potential mediators. Going beyond prior research, this study allowed for a comparison between these different mechanisms. Analyses revealed that system justification and one of the three examined constructs related to positive adjustment (i.e., religiosity) were significant mediators of the positive relationship between political conservatismand life satisfaction. Comparable results were obtained after controlling for a number of sociodemographic variables. The present findings indicate (i) that conservatives report to be more satisfied with their lives than liberals and (ii) that this difference is in part due to conservatives’ system justification and religiosity.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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