Drivers of energy efficiency in German manufacturing : a firm-level stochastic frontier analysis


Lutz, Benjamin Johannes ; Massier, Philipp ; Sommerfeld, Katrin ; Löschel, Andreas


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/43886
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-438863
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 17-068
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: D22 , D24 , L60 , Q41,
Keywords (English): Stochastic frontier analysis , stochastic demand frontier , energy efficiency , climate policy , manufacturing
Abstract: Increasing energy efficiency is one of the main goals in current German energy and climate policies. We study the determinants of energy efficiency in the German manufacturing sector based on official firm-level production census data. By means of a stochastic frontier analysis, we estimate the cost-minimizing energy demand function at the two-digit industry level using firm-level heterogeneity. Apart from the identification of the determinants of the energy demand function, we also analyze potential drivers of energy efficiency. Our results suggest that there is still potential to increase energy efficiency in most industries of the German manufacturing sector. Furthermore, we find that in most industries exporting and innovating firms as well as those investing in environmental protection measures are more energy efficient than their counterparts. In contrast, firms which are regulated by the European Union Emissions Trading System are mostly less energy efficient than non-regulated firms.

Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Lutz, Benjamin Johannes ; Massier, Philipp ; Sommerfeld, Katrin ; Löschel, Andreas (2017) Drivers of energy efficiency in German manufacturing : a firm-level stochastic frontier analysis. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 17-068 [Working paper]
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