Path dependence in occupational careers: Understanding occupational mobility development throughout individuals' careers

Dlouhy, Katja ; Biemann, Torsten

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2018
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Vocational Behavior
Volume: 104
Page range: 86-97
Place of publication: Amsterdam [u.a.]
Publishing house: Elsevier
ISSN: 0001-8791 , 1095-9084
Publication language: English
Institution: Business School > ABWL, Personalmanagement u. Führung (Biemann 2013-)
Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences - CDSB (Business Studies)
Subject: 330 Economics
Keywords (English): Path dependence , occupational mobility , human capital
Abstract: The progression of occupational careers can be conceptualized as a path-dependent process, in which former decisions affect the range of occupational alternatives. The impending losses of human capital increasingly dissuade individuals from changing their occupation. We suggest that path dependence will lead to a decrease in mobility in occupational careers over time, and that occupational turbulence in the earlier career stages will be linked to turbulence in the later stages of an occupational career. Our sample comprises the first 15 years after entry to the labor force in the occupational histories of 456 individuals from Germany. To test our assumptions, we introduce a method that allows us to examine the turbulence – that is, the number of occupational transitions and/or distinct occupations and/or the variation in the duration and timing of events – in occupational career trajectories. In support of our hypotheses, turbulence in occupational careers is linked to the turbulence of the further occupational career path and decreases over time. Gender also has a considerable effect on occupational turbulence. We discuss our findings and elaborate on theoretical implications for career research.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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