Gender, informal employment and trade liberalization in Mexico


Ben Yahmed, Sarra ; Bombarda, Pamela


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/46298
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-462981
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2018
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 18-028
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: F11 , F16 , F63 , O17,
Keywords (English): Formal and informal labor , gender , trade liberalization , Mexico
Abstract: We study how trade liberalization affects formal employment across gender. We propose a theoretical mechanism to explain how male and female formal employment shares can respond differently to trade liberalization through labor reallocation across tradable and non-tradable sectors. Using Mexican data over the period 1993-2001, we find that tariff cuts increase the probability of working formally for both men and women within 4-digit manufacturing industries. The formalization of jobs within tradable sectors is driven by large firms. Constructing a regional tariff measure, we find that regional exposure to trade liberalization increases the probability of working formally in the manufacturing sector for both men and women, and especially for men. However in the service sectors, the probability of working formally decreases for low-skilled women.

Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Ben Yahmed, Sarra ; Bombarda, Pamela (2018) Gender, informal employment and trade liberalization in Mexico. Open Access ZEW Discussion Papers Mannheim 18-028 [Working paper]
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