The crossover of self-esteem: A longitudinal perspective

Neff, Angela ; Sonnentag, Sabine ; Niessen, Cornelia ; Unger, Dana

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2015
The title of a journal, publication series: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume: 24
Issue number: 2
Page range: 197-210
Place of publication: Hove
Publishing house: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN: 1359-432X , 1464-0643
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Arbeits- u. Organisationspsychologie (Sonnentag 2010-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): Crossover , Performance self-esteem , Work engagement , Actor-Partner Interdependence Model
Abstract: This longitudinal study examined the crossover of performance self-esteem within working couples. We focused on the long-term crossover process as well as its work-related consequences. We hypothesized that one partner’s (the actor’s) performance self-esteem relates to changes in the other partner’s (the partner’s) performance self-esteem over time, especially if the partner has a low level of baseline performance self-esteem. In a final step, we expected that the partner’s performance self-esteem at Time 2 in turn predicts the partner’s work engagement. Using a longitudinal study (time lag: 6 months) among 294 dual-earner couples, we tested our hypotheses with multilevel analyses applying the Actor–Partner Interdependence Model. The actor’s performance self-esteem at Time 1 did not directly relate to the partner’s performance self-esteem at Time 2. However, as expected, we found a significant moderation of the partner’s baseline performance self-esteem in the crossover process, indicating that especially individuals with a rather low baseline performance self-esteem are susceptible to performance self-esteem crossover. Finally, the partner’s performance self-esteem was related to the partner’s work engagement at Time 2.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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