The impact of role models on women's self-selection in competitive environments

Meier, Kristina ; Niessen-Ruenzi, Alexandra ; Ruenzi, Stefan

Document Type: Conference or workshop publication
Year of publication: 2018
Book title: EEA-ESEM Cologne 2018 : 33rd Annual Congress of the European Economic Association and 71st European Meeting of the Econometric Society, Cologne, Germany, August 27-31, 2018 : Program
Page range: 1-56
Conference title: European Economic Association EEA-ESEM 2018
Location of the conference venue: Köln, Germany
Date of the conference: 27.-31.08.2018
Place of publication: Brussels
Publishing house: European Economic Association
Publication language: English
Institution: Business School > Internat. Finanzierung (Ruenzi 2009-)
Business School > ABWL u. Corporate Governance (Niessen-Ruenzi 2012-)
Subject: 330 Economics
Abstract: We show that female role models increase women's willingness to compete. As in Niederle and Vesterlund (2007), we find that women are less willing to enter a tournament than men, although there are no gender differences in performance. However, the gender gap in tournament entry disappears if subjects are exposed to a competitive female role model. Results are stronger for the best performing women who seem to be particularly encouraged by female role models. Female role models also mitigate gender stereotype threats and lead to higher self-confidence among women. By contrast, we find that competitive male role models seem to intimidate female subjects and increase the gender gap in tournament entry even further. Our results have implications for the socio-political debate on how the fraction of women in top management positions can be increased.
Additional information: Online-Ressource

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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