Metamemory for pictures of naturalistic scenes: Assessment of accuracy and cue utilization

Undorf, Monika ; Bröder, Arndt

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-589399
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2021
The title of a journal, publication series: Memory & Cognition
Volume: 49
Issue number: 7
Page range: 1405-1422
Place of publication: Heidelberg [u.a.]
Publishing house: Springer
ISSN: 0090-502X , 1532-5946
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie (Seniorprofessur) (Erdfelder 2019-)
School of Social Sciences > Allgemeine Psychologie (Bröder 2010-)
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): metamemory , judgments of learning , pictures , naturalistic scenes , cuc integration
Abstract: Memory for naturalistic pictures is exceptionally good. However, little is known about people’s ability to monitor the memora- bility of naturalistic pictures. We report the first systematic investigation into the accuracy and basis of metamemory in this domain. People studied pictures of naturalistic scenes, predicted their chances of recognizing each picture at a later test (judgment of learning, JOL), and completed a recognition memory test. Across three experiments, JOLs revealed substantial accuracy. This was due to people basing their JOLs on multiple cues, most of which predicted recognition memory. Identified cues include intrinsic picture attributes (e.g., peacefulness of scenes; scenes with or without persons) and extrinsic aspects of the study situation (e.g., presentation frequency; semantic distinctiveness of scenes with respect to the context). This work provides a better understanding of metamemory for pictures and it demonstrates close parallels between metamemory for naturalistic scenes and verbal materials.

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BASE: Undorf, Monika ; Bröder, Arndt

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ORCID: Undorf, Monika ; Bröder, Arndt ORCID: 0000-0002-2658-4791

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