The CoViD-19 pandemic and mental health: Disentangling crucial channels


Siflinger, Bettina ; Pfaffenholz, Michaela ; Seitz, Sebastian ; Mendel, Moritz ; Gaudecker, Hans-Martin von


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URL: https://madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/60165
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-601654
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2021
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 21-044
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > SFB 884
School of Law and Economics > VWL, insbes. Finanzwissenschaft u. Wirtschaftspolitik (Janeba)
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Classification: JEL: I10 , I18 , I30 , J22,
Keywords (English): COVID-19 , mental health , gender , lockdown , child care
Abstract: Since the start of the CoViD-19 pandemic, a major source of concern has been its effect on mental health. Using pre-pandemic information and have customized questionnaires in the Dutch LISS panel, we investigate how mental health in the working population has evolved along with the most prominent risk factors associated with the pandemic. Overall, mental health decreased sharply with the onset of the first lockdown but recovered fairly quickly. In December 2020, levels of mental health are comparable to those in November 2019. We show that perceived risk of infection, labor market uncertainty, and emotional loneliness are all associated with worsening mental health. Both the initial drop and subsequent recovery are larger for parents of children below the age of 12. Among parents, the patterns are particularly pronounced for fathers if they shoulder the bulk of additional care. Mothers' mental health takes a particularly steep hit if they work from home and their partner is designated to take care during the additional hours.

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