The future of the European fiscal union: Survey results from members of national parliaments in France, Italy and Germany

Blesse, Sebastian ; Bordignon, Massimo ; Boyer, Pierre C. ; Carapella, Piergiorgio ; Heinemann, Friedrich ; Janeba, Eckhard ; Raj, Anasuya

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-605570
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2021
The title of a journal, publication series: ZEW Discussion Papers
Volume: 21-055
Place of publication: Mannheim
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > VWL, insbes. Finanzwissenschaft u. Wirtschaftspolitik (Janeba)
Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > SFB 884
Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 330 Economics
Keywords (English): Euro area reforms , National Parliament , survey , European integration , populist parties , next generation EU
Abstract: Using data from a unique survey of members of parliaments in France, Germany and Italy in 2018, we estimate the effects of three dimensions on EU and euro area fiscal reform preferences: nationality, political ideology, and populism. We predict and confirm that a German populist party on the right is most opposed to a more developed European fiscal union, while a non-populist politician on the political left in France or Italy is most integrationist. Furthermore, the relative position of French and Italian policymakers is issue dependent and the Left dimension outweighs the German dimension in two out of seven reform issues. Finally, populism intensifies the polarizing impact of national interests.

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