Occupational deregulation, mixed embeddedness, and immigrant self-employment: The 2004 reform of the German crafts code as a quasi-experiment

Kuhnle, Jeremy

[img] PDF
kuhnle_dissertation.pdf - Published

Download (2MB)

URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-618561
Document Type: Doctoral dissertation
Year of publication: 2021
Place of publication: Mannheim
University: Universität Mannheim
Evaluator: Hillmann, Henning
Date of oral examination: 30 September 2021
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Economic and Organizational Sociology (Hillmann 2009-)
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Keywords (English): self-employment , occupational licensing , quasi-experiment , difference-in-differences , ethnic entrepreneurship , occupational deregulation
Abstract: As global migration numbers have continued to increase over the last thirty years, so have the number of self-employed immigrants. Faced with the task of integrating into the destination country’s labor market, millions of immigrants turn to self-employment. Nonetheless, it still remains unclear why some immigrants choose self-employment, while others do not. To investigate this question, I developed a novel identification strategy in which I used the 2004 reform of the German Crafts Code, which abolished occupational licensing in 53 of 94 crafts and trades, as a quasi-experiment. Specifically, I asked how expanding self-employment opportunities affect the self-employment decisions of women and immigrants and how the earnings of self-employed women and immigrants are affected by expanding self-employment opportunities. Using a difference-in-differences and regression discontinuity design, this dissertation provides some first causal evidence of the effect of occupational deregulation on the self-employment outcomes of women and immigrants. The results demonstrate that removing entry restrictions for self-employment enables those groups with more resources to open up their own business and increase their earnings, while those with less resources are unable to do so. These results suggest that individual resources become more important as the occupational structure becomes less rigid.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.

Metadata export


+ Search Authors in

BASE: Kuhnle, Jeremy

Google Scholar: Kuhnle, Jeremy

ORCID: Kuhnle, Jeremy ORCID: 0000-0001-9916-3659

+ Download Statistics

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

You have found an error? Please let us know about your desired correction here: E-Mail

Actions (login required)

Show item Show item