Who’s in, who’s out? Predicting the inclusiveness or exclusiveness of personal pronouns in parliamentary debates

Rehbein, Ines ; Ruppenhofer, Josef

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Additional URL: http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2022/inde...
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-625485
Document Type: Conference or workshop publication
Year of publication: 2022
Book title: Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2022)
Page range: 5849-5858
Conference title: LREC 2022
Location of the conference venue: Marseille, France
Date of the conference: 20.-25.06.2022
Place of publication: Marseille
Publishing house: European Language Resources Association (ELRA)
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > SFB 884
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)
Subject: 400 Language, linguistics
Keywords (English): clusivity , pronouns , political text analysis
Abstract: This paper presents a compositional annotation scheme to capture the clusivity properties of personal pronouns in context, that is their ability to construct and manage in-groups and out-groups by including/excluding the audience and/or non-speech act participants in reference to groups that also include the speaker. We apply and test our schema on pronoun instances in speeches taken from the German parliament. The speeches cover a time period from 2017-2021 and comprise manual annotations for 3,126 sentences. We achieve high inter-annotator agreement for our new schema, with a Cohen’s κ in the range of 89.7-93.2 and a percentage agreement of > 96%. Our exploratory analysis of in/exclusive pronoun use in the parliamentary setting provides some face validity for our new schema. Finally, we present baseline experiments for automatically predicting clusivity in political debates, with promising results for many referential constellations, yielding an overall 84.9% micro F1 for all pronouns.

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