Explaining skills of prospective teachers – Findings from a simulation study

Findeisen, Stefanie ; Seifried, Jürgen

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12186-023-09319-w
URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12186-0...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/369823063...
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-643403
Document Type: Article
Year of publication Online: 2023
Date: 5 April 2023
The title of a journal, publication series: Vocations and Learning
Volume: tba
Issue number: tba
Page range: 1-29
Place of publication: Dordrecht
Publishing house: Springer Netherlands
ISSN: 1874-785X , 1874-7868
Publication language: English
Institution: Business School > Wirtschaftspädagogik, Berufliches Lehren und Lernen (Seifried 2012-)
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Subject: 370 Education
Keywords (English): preservice teacher education , student teachers , instructional explanation , teaching quality , interactive simulation , business and economics education
Abstract: Providing instructional explanations is a central skill of teachers. Using interactive simulations, we examined the explaining skills of 48 prospective teachers attending a teacher education program for accounting in vocational schools in Germany. We used a performance-based assessment that relies on explanatory quality as an indicator of teacher candidates’ explaining skills. Video analysis was used to assess the quality of prepared and impromptu explanations in respect of different quality aspects. We found that the prepared explanations of prospective teachers were of high quality in terms of student–teacher interaction and language. With respect to the quality of content (e.g., accuracy, multiple approaches to explaining) and representation (e.g., visualization, examples), prospective teachers performed significantly worse. The quality of teacher candidates’ improvised explanations was significantly lower. This was especially true for the quality of representations, the process structure, and the interaction between student and teacher. For four of the five quality criteria examined, no correlation could be found between the quality of prepared and improvised explanations. For the language criterion, however, there was a correlation between the two types of explaining situations. Implications on how to support teacher candidates in developing explaining skills during teacher education are discussed.

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