Conciliatory Views on Peer Disagreement and the Order of Evidence Acquisition

Weber, Marc Andree

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-671602
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2022
The title of a journal, publication series: Kriterion : Journal of Philosophy
Volume: 36
Issue number: 1
Page range: 33-50
Place of publication: Salzburg
Publishing house: Universität Salzburg
ISSN: 1019-8288
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Humanities > Philosophie I (Freitag 2018-)
Pre-existing license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Subject: 100 Philosophy
Keywords (English): disagreement , peers , equal weight view , Bayesian conditionalisation , evidence , imprecise probabilities
Abstract: The evidence that we get from peer disagreement is especially problematic from a Bayesian point of view since the belief revision caused by a piece of such evidence cannot be modelled along the lines of Bayesian conditionalisation. This paper explains how exactly this problem arises, what features of peer disagreements are responsible for it, and what lessons should be drawn for both the analysis of peer disagreements and Bayesian conditionalisation as a model of evidence acquisition. In particular, it is pointed out that the same characteristic of evidence from disagreement that explains the problems with Bayesian conditionalisation also suggests an interpretation of suspension of belief in terms of imprecise probabilities.

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