Interlinking user stories and GUI prototyping: A semi-automatic LLM-based approach

Kolthoff, Kristian ; Kretzer, Felix ; Bartelt, Christian ; Maedche, Alexander ; Ponzetto, Simone Paolo

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Document Type: Conference or workshop publication
Year of publication: 2024
Book title: 2024 IEEE 32nd International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE)
Page range: 1-9
Conference title: 32nd IEEE International Requirements Engineering 2024 Conference
Location of the conference venue: Reykjavik, Iceland
Date of the conference: 24.-28.6.2024
Place of publication: Reykjavik, Iceland
Publishing house: IEEE
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Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Institut für Enterprise Systems (InES)
Subject: 004 Computer science, internet
Abstract: Interactive systems are omnipresent today and the need to create graphical user interfaces (GUIs) is just as ubiquitous. For the elicitation and validation of requirements, GUI prototyping is a well-known and effective technique, typically employed after gathering initial user requirements represented in natural language (NL) (e.g., in the form of user stories). Unfortunately, GUI prototyping often requires extensive resources, resulting in a costly and time-consuming process. Despite various easy-to-use prototyping tools in practice, there is often a lack of adequate resources for developing GUI prototypes based on given user requirements. In this work, we present a novel Large Language Model (LLM)-based approach providing assistance for validating the implementation of functional NL-based requirements in a GUI prototype embedded in a prototyping tool. In particular, our approach aims to detect functional user stories that are not implemented in a GUI prototype and provides recommendations for suitable GUI components directly implementing the requirements. We collected requirements for existing GUIs in the form of user stories and evaluated our proposed validation and recommendation approach with this dataset. The obtained results are promising for user story validation and we demonstrate feasibility for the GUI component recommendations.

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