Fluid and crystallized intelligence and the Berlin Model of Intelligence Structure (BIS)

Beauducel, André ; Kersting, Martin

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1027//1015-5759.18.2.97
URL: https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/abs/10.1027//1015...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289963646...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2002
The title of a journal, publication series: European Journal of Psychological Assessment : EJPA
Volume: 18
Issue number: 2
Page range: 97-112
Place of publication: Kirkland, Wash. ; Göttingen
Publishing house: Hogrefe & Huber
ISSN: 1015-5759 , 2151-2426
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Psychologie II (Wittmann 1993-2009, Em)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Abstract: Assessment of intelligence is often based on fluid (gf) and crystallized intelligence (gc), and in the German-speaking countries the Berlin Model of Intelligence Structure (BIS). As yet, however, the two approaches have not been systematically related to each other. The present study therefore aims to identify possible relationships between the approaches. We hypothesize that gf is related to processing capacit and memory in the BIS, whereas gc is related to fluency and knowledge and, to a lesser degree, to processing capacity. We also assume processing speed to be related to both gf and gc. All components of the BIS that are relevant to the present study were measured by means of the BIS-r-DGP test, which, together with knowledge scales, was administered to 9,520 persons in the context of personnel selection. The following results were obtained: First, the BIS was replicated by factor analysis of the BIS-r-DGP test. Second, knowledge was shown to form an additional component. Third, gf and gc emerged clearly from hierarchical factor analysis. Finally, with the exception of the relation of fluency to gc, all hypotheses were confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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