Effects of self-schema elaboration on affective and cognitive reactions to self-relevant information

Petersen, Lars-Eric ; Stahlberg, Dagmar ; Dauenheimer, Dirk

URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/12601698_...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2000
The title of a journal, publication series: Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs
Volume: 126
Issue number: 1
Page range: 25-42
Place of publication: Washington, DC
Publishing house: Heldref
ISSN: 8756-7547
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Sozialpsychologie (Stahlberg)
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: The basic assumption of the integrative self-schema model (ISSM; L.-E. Petersen, 1994; L.-E. Petersen, D. Stahlberg, & D. Dauenheimer, 1996; D. Stahlberg, L.-E. Petersen, & D. Dauenheimer, 1994, 1999) is that self-schema elaboration (schematic vs. aschematic) affects reactions to self-relevant information. This assumption is based on the idea that schematic dimensions occupy a more central position in the cognitive system than aschematic dimensions. In the first study, this basic prediction could be clearly confirmed: The results showed that schematic dimensions possessed stronger cognitive associations with other self-relevant cognitions as well as a higher resistance to change than aschematic dimensions did. In the second study, the main assumptions of the ISSM concerning the affective and cognitive reactions to self-relevant feedback were tested: The ISSM proposes that, on schematic dimensions, reactions to self-relevant feedback will most likely follow principles of self-consistency theory, whereas on aschematic dimensions positive feedback should elicit the most positive reactions that self-enhancement theory would predict. The experimental results clearly confirmed the hypotheses derived from the ISSM for affective reactions. Cognitive reactions, however, were in line with self-consistency principles and were not modified by the elaboration of the self-schema dimension involved.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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