Industry funding of university research and scientific productivity


Hottenrott, Hanna ; Thorwarth, Susanne


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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/3105
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-31050
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2010
Publication language: English
Institution: Sonstige Einrichtungen > ZEW - Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Leibniz-Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Subject: 000 Generalities
Classification: JEL: O31 O32 O33 ,
Subject headings (SWD): Deutschland , Hochschulforschung , Forschungsfinanzierung , Forschungskooperation , Patent , Wissenschaftliche Literatur , Zitatenanalyse , Schätzung
Keywords (English): Scientist productivity , university research , patents , research funding , technology transfer
Abstract: University research provides valuable inputs to industrial innovation. It is therefore not surprising that private sector firms increasingly seek direct access through funding public R&D. This development, however, spurred concerns about possible negative long-run effects on scientific performance. While previous research has mainly focused on a potential crowding-out of scientific publications through commercialization activities such as patenting or the formation of spin-off companies, we study the effects of direct funding from industry on professors’ publication and patenting efforts. Our analysis of a sample of 678 professors at 46 higher education institutions in Germany shows that a higher share of industry funding of a professor’s research budget results in a lower publication outcome both in terms of quantity and quality in subsequent years. For patents, we find that industry funding increases their quality measured by patent citations.
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Das Dokument wird vom Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim bereitgestellt.




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Hottenrott, Hanna ; Thorwarth, Susanne (2010) Industry funding of university research and scientific productivity. Open Access [Working paper]
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