Parental income, education and the diagnosis of ADHS in children and adolescents : the case for Germany

Finkel, Elyssa

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-31771
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2011
The title of a journal, publication series: None
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > Sonstige - Fakultät für Rechtswissenschaft und Volkswirtschaftslehre
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen des MEA (Mannheim Research Institute For the Economics of Aging) > MEA Discussion Papers
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Subject headings (SWD): Deutschland , Aufmerksamkeits-Defizit-Syndrom , Familie , Einkommen , Bildungsstatus
Abstract: Using survey data for Germany, we examine how parental income and education are associated with the severity of ADHD symptoms and the likelihood of diagnosis in children and adolescents. We find that children from low-income families tend to have higer ADHD symptom scores and are more likely to be diagnosed than children from higher-income families. However, they were also shown to have a higher likelihood of being underdiagnosed (conditional on not having a diagnosis) and were less likely to visit a pediatrician. Interestingly, migrants were significantly less likely to be diagnosed than non-migrants, but were more likely to visit a pediatrician. Parental education variables were shown to "adsorb" the effect of income when added to all these regressions, considerably reducing the significance of the effect of income on all outcome variables. These results seem to suggest that children from families of low socioeconomic status in Germany may be at a "double jeopardy" in terms of having a higher prevalence of ADHD, and yet not receiving the appropriate diagnoses necessary for further treatment.
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