You see what you fear: Spiders gain preferential access to conscious perception in spider-phobic patients

Gerdes, Antje B. M. ; Alpers, Georg W.

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2014
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Experimental Psychopathology : JEP
Volume: 5
Issue number: 1
Page range: 14-28
Place of publication: Hove
Publishing house: Textrum
ISSN: 2043-8087
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Klinische u. Biologische Psychologie u. Psychotherapie (Alpers 2010-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Abstract: In phobic individuals, behavioral responses to phobia-related cues are facilitated and brain responses are augmented. It has rarely been investigated whether this preferential processing is accompanied by an altered conscious perception of phobia-related cues. We used binocular rivalry to investigate conscious perception of phobia-related cues in phobic individuals. 21 spider-phobic patients and 20 non-anxious control participants viewed pictures of spiders or flowers, each paired with a neutral pattern under conditions of binocular rivalry. Spider-phobic patients more often reported that they saw spider pictures as the first percept, and the total duration of seeing spider percepts was significantly longer in patients than in non-anxious participants. A second experiment was conducted to rule out that these differences were caused by different response criteria. Results support the validity of self-report in Experiment 1. In sum, predominance of phobia-related cues in binocular rivalry provides evidence that phobia-related cues gain preferential access to visual awareness in phobic individuals.
Additional information: Online-Ressource

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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