Long-Term patterns of effort-reward imbalance and over-commitment: Investigating occupational well-being and recovery experiences as outcomes

Feldt, Taru ; Huhtala, Mari ; Kinnunen, Ulla ; Hyvönen, Katriina ; Mäkikangas, Anne ; Sonnentag, Sabine

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2013.765670
URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0267837...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2013
The title of a journal, publication series: Work & Stress
Volume: 27
Issue number: 1
Page range: 64-87
Place of publication: London [u.a.]
Publishing house: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0267-8373 , 1464-5335
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Arbeits- u. Organisationspsychologie (Sonnentag 2010-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Abstract: The aim of this study was, first, to identify long-term patterns of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and over-commitment (OVC), and, second, to examine how occupational well-being (burnout, work engagement) and recovery experiences (psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery and control) differ in these patterns. The study was based on follow-up data with three measurement points (2006, 2008, 2010) collected from Finnish managers (N=298). Latent Profile Analysis resulted in five long-term ERI-OVC patterns: a high-risk pattern (high ERI, high OVC), found in 20% of the participants; a low-risk pattern (low ERI, low OVC), found in 24% of participants; a relatively low-risk pattern (low ERI, moderate OVC), found in 47% of participants; a favourable change pattern (decreasing ERI and OVC), in 7%; and an unfavourable change pattern (high ERI with increasing linear trend, OVC with curvilinear trend) in 2%. The results showed, in line with the ERI model, that managers in the high-risk pattern showed higher burnout scores and poorer recovery experiences compared to those in the low-risk patterns. However, no differences were found in work engagement between the high and low-risk patterns. Thus, the ERI model seemed better to explain stress-related indicators of occupational well-being than motivational indicators.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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