"Take a break?!": Off-job recovery, job demands and job resources as predictors of health, active learning, and creativity

Jonge, Jan de ; Spoor, Ellen ; Sonnentag, Sabine ; Dormann, Christian ; Tooren, Marieke van den

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2011.576009
URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1359432...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume: 21
Issue number: 3
Page range: 321-348
Place of publication: London [u.a.]
Publishing house: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN: 1359-432X , 1464-0643
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Arbeits- u. Organisationspsychologie (Sonnentag 2010-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): Burnout , Creativity , Detachment from work , job demands , job resources , Off-job recovery
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the moderating effect of matching job resources as well as matching off-job recovery (i.e., detachment from work) on the relation between corresponding job demands and psychological outcomes. Using the Demand-Induced Strain Compensation (DISC) Model as a theoretical framework, we conducted a cross-sectional survey study with 399 employees from three Dutch organizations. Results showed that (1) cognitive demands, resources, and lack of detachment are predictors of cognitive outcomes (i.e., active learning and creativity), (2) emotional demands and lack of detachment are predictors of emotional outcomes (i.e., emotional exhaustion), and (3) physical demands, lack of detachment, and lack of resources are predictors of physical outcomes (i.e., physical health complaints). Specifically, cognitive detachment from work might have negative effects on learning and creativity, whereas emotional and physical detachment from work might have positive effects on employees' health, and even on creativity. In conclusion, in order to cope with specific job demands, employees need corresponding job resources and detachment from work to balance health and performance-related outcomes.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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