Influences of source–item contingency and schematic knowledge on source monitoring : Tests of the probability-matching account

Bayen, Ute J. ; Kuhlmann, Beatrice G.

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2011
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Memory and Language : JML
Volume: 64
Issue number: 1
Page range: 1-17
Place of publication: Amsterdam ; Orlando, Fla.
Publishing house: Elsevier ; Academic Press
ISSN: 0749-596X , 1096-0821
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie mit Schwerp. Kognitives Altern (Kuhlmann 2015-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): source monitoring , human memory , schemas , human judgment , multinomial model
Abstract: The authors investigated conditions under which judgments in source-monitoring tasks are influenced by prior schematic knowledge. According to a probability-matching account of source guessing (Spaniol & Bayen, 2002), when people do not remember the source of information, they match source-guessing probabilities to the perceived contingency between sources and item types. When they do not have a representation of a contingency, they base their guesses on prior schematic knowledge. The authors provide support for this account in two experiments with sources presenting information that was expected for one source and somewhat unexpected for another. Schema-relevant information about the sources was provided at the time of encoding. When contingency perception was impeded by dividing attention, participants showed schema-based guessing (Experiment 1). Manipulating source–item contingency also affected guessing (Experiment 2). When this contingency was schema inconsistent, it superseded schema-based expectations and led to schema-inconsistent guessing.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.

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