Mediator-based encoding strategies in source monitoring in young and older adults

Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. ; Touron, Dayna R.

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Volume: 38
Issue number: 5
Page range: 1352-1364
Place of publication: Washington, DC
Publishing house: American Psychological Assoc.
ISSN: 0278-7393 , 1939-1285
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Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie mit Schwerp. Kognitives Altern (Kuhlmann 2015-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): source memory , encoding strategy , imagery , associative memory , cognitive aging
Abstract: Past research has examined the contribution of mediator-based encoding strategies (interactive imagery and sentence generation) to individual (particularly age-related) differences in associative memory exclusively in the paired-associates paradigm. In the present study, we examined young and older adults' mediator-based strategy use on source-monitoring tasks. Participants spontaneously used mediator-based strategies to encode about 30% to 40% of word-source pairs and were able to follow instructions to use the specific mediator-based strategy of interactive imagery; mediator-based strategy use was associated with higher source memory and explained variance in source memory. There were no age-related differences in the patterns of mediator-based strategy production and utilization. Age-related differences in source memory were explained by age-related declines in the ability to bind information in memory (incidental memory for digit-symbol associations) but not by encoding strategy production. Results underscore the importance of assessing encoding strategy use for understanding individual differences in source memory.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.

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BASE: Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. ; Touron, Dayna R.

Google Scholar: Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. ; Touron, Dayna R.

ORCID: Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. ORCID: 0000-0002-3235-5717 ; Touron, Dayna R.

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