Schema bias in source monitoring varies with encoding conditions: support for a probability-matching account

Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. ; Vaterrodt, Bianca ; Bayen, Ute J.

Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Volume: 38
Issue number: 5
Page range: 1365-1376
Place of publication: Washington, DC
Publishing house: American Psychological Assoc.
ISSN: 0278-7393 , 1939-1285
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie mit Schwerp. Kognitives Altern (Kuhlmann 2015-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): source monitoring , human memory , schemas , levels of processing , multinomial model
Abstract: Two experiments examined reliance on schematic knowledge in source monitoring. Based on a probability-matching account of source guessing, a schema bias will only emerge if participants do not have a representation of the source-item contingency in the study list, or if the perceived contingency is consistent with schematic expectations. Thus, the account predicts that encoding conditions that affect contingency detection also affect schema bias. In Experiment 1, the schema bias commonly found when schematic information about the sources is not provided before encoding was diminished by an intentional source-memory instruction. In Experiment 2, the depth of processing of schema-consistent and schema-inconsistent source-item pairings was manipulated. Participants consequently overestimated the occurrence of the pairing type they processed in a deep manner, and their source guessing reflected this biased contingency perception. Results support the probability-matching account of source guessing.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.

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