Hierarchical modeling of contingency-based source monitoring: A test of the probability-matching account

Arnold, Nina R. ; Bayen, Ute J. ; Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. ; Vaterrodt, Bianca

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-012-0342-7
URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.3758%2Fs13423-...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2013
The title of a journal, publication series: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review : PB&R
Volume: 20
Issue number: 2
Page range: 326-333
Place of publication: Amsterdam
Publishing house: Springer
ISSN: 1069-9384 , 1531-5320
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie mit Schwerp. Kognitives Altern (Kuhlmann 2015-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): source monitoring , schemas , mathematical modeling , multinomial processing tree models
Abstract: According to the probability-matching account of source guessing (Spaniol & Bayen, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 28:631-651, 2002), when people do not remember the source of an item in a source-monitoring task, they match the source-guessing probabilities to the perceived contingencies between sources and item types. In a source-monitoring experiment, half of the items presented by each of two sources were consistent with schematic expectations about this source, whereas the other half of the items were consistent with schematic expectations about the other source. Participants' source schemas were activated either at the time of encoding or just before the source-monitoring test. After test, the participants judged the contingency of the item type and source. Individual parameter estimates of source guessing were obtained via beta-multinomial processing tree modeling (beta-MPT; Smith & Batchelder, Journal of Mathematical Psychology 54:167-183, 2010). We found a significant correlation between the perceived contingency and source guessing, as well as a correlation between the deviation of the guessing bias from the true contingency and source memory when participants did not receive the schema information until retrieval. These findings support the probability-matching account.

Dieser Datensatz wurde nicht während einer Tätigkeit an der Universität Mannheim veröffentlicht, dies ist eine Externe Publikation.

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