The introduction of Bachelor degrees and the under-representation of students from low social origin in higher education in Germany : a pseudo-panel approach

Neugebauer, Martin

Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2015
The title of a journal, publication series: European Sociological Review
Volume: 31
Issue number: 5
Page range: 591-602
Place of publication: Oxford
Publishing house: Oxford Univ. Press
ISSN: 0266-7215 , 1468-2672
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department A
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: In the course of the Bologna Process, European higher education systems have experienced major reforms. In Germany as in several other countries, the main novelty was a reduction of the length of study to get a first-level degree (Bachelor), together with the introduction of a second-level degree (Master’s). One of the priorities of the Bologna Process is the so-called ‘social dimension’, meaning that participation in higher education should be widened by fostering the potential of students from under-represented groups, such as those from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. To evaluate this reform goal, this article tests whether the shortening of the length of study to get a first degree countervails the under-representation. I use variation introduced by the non-uniform adaption of the new degree structure to identify the effect. Using repeated cross-sectional student survey data to generate panel data at the level of study courses, fixed-effects estimators indicate that the shortening has no (positive) effect on the share of students from low social origins.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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