Gendered work–family conflict in Germany : do self-employment and flexibility matter?


König, Stefanie



DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017014545264
URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/09500...
Additional URL: http://www.ndu.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/Downloa...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2015
The title of a journal, publication series: Work, Employment & Society
Volume: 29
Issue number: 4
Page range: 531-549
Place of publication: Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publishing house: Sage
ISSN: 0950-0170 ; 1469-8722
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department A
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: Applying a demands–resource approach, the present empirical study among 1395 individuals researches how flexibility and self-employment affect work–family conflict in Germany. Specifically, gender differences regarding work interference with the family and family interference with work are examined on a strain-based and time-based level. The multivariate results reveal a differentiated but surprisingly non gendered picture of the effect of self-employment and job flexibility regarding work–family conflict. Due to greater flexibility, self-employed people perceive a slightly lower time-based work-to-family conflict while their strain-based work-to-family conflict is higher than among employees. Regarding family-to-work conflict, self-employment leads to a higher level of time-based conflict, possibly because of higher expectations regarding availability. Thus, self-employment can be seen as a demand or a resource depending on the type of conflict. This study therefore contributes to a more refined understanding of the role of flexibility and self-employment in the light of literature on demands and resources.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.




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König, Stefanie (2015) Gendered work–family conflict in Germany : do self-employment and flexibility matter? Work, Employment & Society Thousand Oaks, Calif. 29 4 531-549 [Article]


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