A unified theory of value-based reasoning and U.S. public opinion


Goren, Paul ; Schoen, Harald ; Reifler, Jason ; Scotto, Thomas ; Chittick, William


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11109-016-9344-x
URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11109-01...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/302074737...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2016
The title of a journal, publication series: Political behavior
Volume: 38
Issue number: 4
Page range: 977-997
Place of publication: Dordrecht ; New York, NY
Publishing house: Springer Science + Business Media
ISSN: 0190-9320 ; 1573-6687
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department B
School of Social Sciences > Politische Wissenschaft, Politische Psychologie (Schoen 2014-)
Subject: 320 Political science
Abstract: Public opinion research shows that American citizens utilize domain-specific political values to guide opinion formation in the key issue areas that comprise the American political agenda. One set of political values operates on economic welfare opinions, a different set of values applies to cultural issue positions, a third set shapes foreign policy preferences, and so on in other policy domains. Drawing on Shalom Schwartz’s theory of basic human values, this paper argues that two socially focused values—self-transcendence and conservation—guide opinion formation across all major policy domains. By contrast, the personally focused values of self-enhancement and openness-to-change should play a more limited role in preference formation. These hypotheses are tested using data from a novel 2011 national survey and the 2012 General Social Survey. The statistical results affirm expectations. We show that self-transcendence and conservation values predict scores on symbolic ideology, economic conservatism, racial conservatism, cultural conservatism, civil liberties, and foreign policy opinions. Self-enhancement and openness-to-change values play a modest role in shaping preferences.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.




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Goren, Paul ; Schoen, Harald ; Reifler, Jason ; Scotto, Thomas ; Chittick, William (2016) A unified theory of value-based reasoning and U.S. public opinion. Political behavior Dordrecht ; New York, NY 38 4 977-997 [Article]


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