Linking process and measurement models of recognition-based decisions


Heck, Daniel W. ; Erdfelder, Edgar


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000063
URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315771344...
Additional URL: http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/rev/124/4/442/
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: Psychological Review
Volume: 124
Issue number: 4
Page range: 442-471
Place of publication: Washington, DC
Publishing house: American Psychological Assoc.
ISSN: 0033-295X , 1939-1471
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences- CDSS (Social Sciences)
School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie u. Differentielle Psychologie (Erdfelder)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Abstract: When making inferences about pairs of objects, one of which is recognized and the other is not, the recognition heuristic states that participants choose the recognized object in a noncompensatory way without considering any further knowledge. In contrast, information-integration theories such as parallel constraint satisfaction (PCS) assume that recognition is merely one of many cues that is integrated with further knowledge in a compensatory way. To test both process models against each other without manipulating recognition or further knowledge, we include response times into the r-model, a popular multinomial processing tree model for memory-based decisions. Essentially, this response-time-extended r-model allows to test a crucial prediction of PCS, namely, that the integration of recognition-congruent knowledge leads to faster decisions compared to the consideration of recognition only—even though more information is processed. In contrast, decisions due to recognition-heuristic use are predicted to be faster than decisions affected by any further knowledge. Using the classical German-cities example, simulations show that the novel measurement model discriminates between both process models based on choices, decision times, and recognition judgments only. In a reanalysis of 29 data sets including more than 400,000 individual trials, noncompensatory choices of the recognized option were estimated to be slower than choices due to recognition-congruent knowledge. This corroborates the parallel information-integration account of memory-based decisions, according to which decisions become faster when the coherence of the available information increases.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.




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Heck, Daniel W. ORCID: 0000-0002-6302-9252 ; Erdfelder, Edgar ORCID: 0000-0003-1032-3981 (2017) Linking process and measurement models of recognition-based decisions. Psychological Review Washington, DC 124 4 442-471 [Article]


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