Progovernment militias

Carey, Sabine C. ; Mitchell, Neil J.

Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: Annual Review of Political Science
Volume: 20
Page range: 127-147
Place of publication: Palo Alto, Calif.
Publishing house: Annual Reviews
ISSN: 1094-2939 , 1545-1577
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department B
School of Social Sciences > Political Scinece, International Relations (Carey 2010-)
Subject: 320 Political science
Abstract: Sociologists, political scientists, and economists have long emphasized the benefits of monopolizing violence and the risks of failing to do so. Yet recent research on conflict, state failure, genocide, coups, and election violence suggests governments cannot or will not form a monopoly. Governments worldwide are more risk acceptant than anticipated. They give arms and authority to a variety of nonstate actors, militias, vigilantes, death squads, proxy forces, paramilitaries, and counterbalancing forces. We develop a typology based on the links of the militia to the government and to society as a device to capture variations among these groups. We use the typology to explore insights from this emerging literature on the causes, consequences, and puzzling survival of progovernment militias and their implications for security and human rights, as well as to generate open questions for further research.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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