Belonging to a majority reduces the immediate need threat from ostracism in individuals with a high need to belong

Eck, Jennifer ; Schoel, Christiane ; Greifeneder, Rainer

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume: 47
Issue number: 3
Page range: 273-288
Place of publication: Malden, MA
Publishing house: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0046-2772 , 1099-0992
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department A
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: Ostracism—being ignored and excluded—threatens the basic human needs for belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence. This work introduces belonging to a majority as a buffer against the immediate negative impact of ostracism on basic needs for individuals with a high need to belong, for whom social groups are especially relevant. Three studies show that for individuals high in the need to belong, need threat was attenuated by membership in a majority group, but not by membership in a minority group (Studies 1 and 3) or a group of unknown size (Study 2). By contrast, individuals low in the need to belong—who place less importance on group membership in general—did not benefit from belonging to a majority group. The general pattern replicated across different manipulations of group membership and social exclusion, two measures of need threat, and with participants from two different countries.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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