Migration and well-being of older people in Europe

Sand, Gregor

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URL: https://madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/45255
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-452559
Document Type: Doctoral dissertation
Year of publication: 2018
Place of publication: Mannheim
University: Universität Mannheim
Evaluator: Kogan, Irena
Date of oral examination: 27 April 2018
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Soziologie, Gesellschaftsvergleich (Kogan)
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Subject headings (SWD): Migration , Wohlbefinden , Deprivation , Altern , Europa , Einwanderer , Einheimischer , Regressionsanalyse , Flüchtlingskrise
Keywords (English): Migration , well-being , deprivation , aging , Europe , immigrant , native , stayer , SHARE , MIPEX , multivariate regression , propensity score matching, difference-in-differences , refugee crisis
Abstract: This dissertation explores immigrant-native differences in subjective well-being (SWB) of migrants 50+ in Europe, the long-term benefits of migration, and the impact of media attention to the European refugee crisis on older natives' SWB. It draws on data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe. The results show that compared to natives, migrants are more deprived socially and materially and with respect to SWB. Individual-specific factors reduce the immigrant-native gap in SWB, especially respondents' financial situation, health, and migration-specific variables. Contextual factors such as migrant integration policies also play an important role. Compared to stayers, long-term migrants from Eastern Europe experience significant income gains in Austria, Germany, and Sweden. SWB gains are only observed among migrants with similar or better income levels compared to natives. Finally, media attention to the refugee influx in 2015 had a significant SWB impact that is associated with national media coverage.

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