Mindset matters: the role of employees’ stress mindset for day-specific reactions to workload anticipation

Casper, Anne ; Sonnentag, Sabine ; Tremmel, Stephanie

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2017.1374947
URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/135943...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319545152...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume: 26
Issue number: 6
Page range: 798-810
Place of publication: Hove
Publishing house: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN: 1359-432X , 1464-0643
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Arbeits- u. Organisationspsychologie (Sonnentag 2010-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): Anticipatory stress , stress mindset , approach-coping efforts , vigour , task performance
Abstract: In this diary study, we extended knowledge on the role of employees’ stress mindset in the anticipatory phase of the stress process. We examined how workload anticipation is related to approach-coping efforts throughout the workday and how employees’ stress mindset moderates this relationship. Moreover, we investigated how approach-coping efforts are related to vigour and task performance at the end of the workday. Finally, we proposed conditional indirect effects of workload anticipation on vigour and task performance that are moderated by employees’ stress mindset. We conducted a daily diary study over five workdays with 171 employees. Results of multilevel path analysis showed that employees with a more positive stress mindset made more approach-coping efforts when anticipating high workload. Approach-coping efforts were positively related to vigour and task performance. For employees with a more positive stress mindset, workload anticipation had a positive conditional indirect effect on vigour and task performance. Our results suggest that employees react differently to workload anticipation depending on their stress mindset. Moreover, approach-coping efforts may be a cognitive-behavioural mechanism that explains how workload relates to vigour and task performance for employees with a more positive stress mindset.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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