A task-level perspective on work engagement: A new approach that helps to differentiate the concepts of engagement and burnout

Sonnentag, Sabine

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burn.2017.04.001
URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
Additional URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316084879...
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2017
The title of a journal, publication series: Burnout Research
Volume: 5
Page range: 12-20
Place of publication: Amsterdam [u.a.]
Publishing house: Elsevier
ISSN: 2213-0586
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Arbeits- u. Organisationspsychologie (Sonnentag 2010-)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Abstract: This theoretical paper differentiates work engagement from the burnout concept by using a task-level perspective. Specifically, I argue that work engagement (i.e., the experience of vigor, dedication and absorption, Schaufeli & Bakker, 2004) emerges during the process of working. It does not only differ between persons and does not only fluctuate from one day to the other (or even within the course of a day), but can vary largely between different work tasks. Burnout (and particularly exhaustion) as a chronic state does not differ from one work task to the other. I describe task features derived from the job characteristics model (Hackman & Oldham, 1976) as predictors of task-specific work engagement and discuss interaction effects between task features on the one hand and job-level social and personal resources on the other hand. I outline possible avenues for future research and address practical implications, including task design and employee's energy management throughout the workday.
Additional information: Online-Ressource

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