Metamemory and memory for a wide range of font sizes: What is the contribution of perceptual fluency?

Undorf, Monika ; Zimdahl, Malte F.

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Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2019
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Volume: 45
Issue number: 1
Page range: 97-109
Place of publication: Washington, DC
Publishing house: American Psychological Association
ISSN: 0278-7393 , 1939-1285
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Social Sciences > Kognitive Psychologie (Seniorprofessur) (Erdfelder 2019-)
Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences- CDSS (Social Sciences)
Subject: 150 Psychology
Keywords (English): metamemory , beliefs , disfluency , judgments of learning , perceptual fluency
Abstract: Words printed in a larger 48-point font are judged to be more memorable than words printed in a smaller 18-point font, although font size does not affect actual memory. To clarify the basis of this font size effect on metamemory and memory, 4 experiments investigated how presenting words in 48 (Experiment 1) or 4 (Experiments 2 to 4) font sizes between 6 point and 500 point affected judgments of learning (JOLs) and recall performance. Response times in lexical decision tasks were used to measure perceptual fluency. In all experiments, perceptual fluency was lower for words presented in very small and very large font sizes than for words presented in intermediate font sizes. In contrast, JOLs increased monotonically with font size, even beyond the point where a large font impaired perceptual fluency. Assessments of people’s metacognitive beliefs about font size revealed that the monotonic increase in JOLs was not due to beliefs masking perceptual fluency effects (Experiment 3). Also, JOLs still increased across the whole range of font sizes when perceptual fluency was made salient at study (Experiment 4). In all experiments but Experiment 4, recall performance increased with increasing font size, although to a lesser extent than JOLs. Overall, the current study supports the idea that metacognitive beliefs underlie font size effects in metamemory. As important, it reveals that people’s font size beliefs have some accuracy.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.

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